Build fun circuits! Impress your friends! (Or at least the ones who aren’t in-the-know 😉 )
With some inspiration from The Fifth Element and Iron Man, here’s a voice-activated light switch that provides the illusion of a more advanced artificial intelligence, with the simplicity of “the clapper”.
I recently designed an infrared sensor board (dubbed “IRis”) for my friend’sDefcon talk. This video walks through the circuit design of the photodiode amplifier, and discusses some of the pitfalls associated with photodiode amplifier design.
Schematics, BOM, and KiCAD design files for the described IRis board are available on github.
Its hard to beat the cost and versatility of the ubiquitous RTL-SDR dongles, but the temperature stability of their reference oscillators isn’t sufficient for some applications. While the internal 28.8MHz quartz crystal in these units can be replaced by a high qualitytemperature compensatedoscillator, these tend to be relatively expensive and/or difficult to source.
Here’s a scratch-built 28.8MHz TCXO capable of +-1ppm stability from 0C-55C; best of all, it’s not only easy to build, but is designed entirely from readily available and inexpensive components. For improved temperature stability, the main oscillator can even be replaced with one of many commercially available TCXOs!
Today we explore the use of oscillator synthesis software (Genesys) for practical crystal oscillator design, and the impact of the Randall-Hock correction formula on linear open loop analysis accuracy.
Here’s an inexpensive precision peak detector circuit that accurately tracks the peak voltage of input signals at frequencies up to 100kHz and has zero voltage droop over an indefinite period of time…no microcontrollers required!
The following circuit uses a dual comparator, three op amps, and a digital potentiometer to provide two peak detection outputs: one “real-time” peak output, accurate to within 2% for input signals up to 100kHz, and one maximum peak output which outputs the maximum peak voltage seen since the last reset:
An introduction to using operational amplifiers for precision half-wave and full-wave rectification of AC signals: How it works, how to configure the circuits for gain/attenuation, and the effects of op-amp slew rate and resistor matching on the precision of the rectified signal.